Introduction to the most popular standardization o

2022-08-16
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Introduction to standardization institutions and organizations

I. domestic standardization institutions

1. The National Standardization Administration Committee

China's National Standardization Administration Committee is the competent authority for the unified management of national standardization work. The National Standardization Administration Committee exercises professional leadership over the standardization work of the quality and technical supervision bureaus of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government

the main responsibilities of China National Standardization Administration Committee are: (1) to participate in the drafting and revision of national standardization laws and regulations; Formulate and implement the guidelines and policies of the national standardization work; Formulate national standardization management regulations and formulate relevant systems; Organize the implementation of standardized laws, regulations, rules and regulations. (2) Be responsible for formulating the national standardization development plan; Be responsible for organizing, coordinating and preparing the formulation and revision plan of national standards (including national standard samples). (3) Organize the formulation and revision of national standards, and be responsible for the unified review, approval, numbering and issuance of national standards. (4) Unified management of funds for the formulation and revision of national standards and special funds for standard research and standardization. (5) manage and guide the standardization science and technology work and related publicity, education and training. (6) Be responsible for coordinating and managing the relevant work of the National Standardization Technical Committee. (7) Coordinate and guide industrial and local standardization work; Be responsible for the filing of industrial standards and local standards. (8) Represent the country to participate in the international organization for Standardization (ISO), the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) and other international or regional standardization organizations, and be responsible for organizing the work of the Chinese national committees of ISO and IEC; Be responsible for managing the participation of domestic departments and regions in the activities of international or regional standardization organizations; Be responsible for signing and implementing international cooperation agreements on standardization, approving and organizing the implementation of international cooperation and exchange projects on standardization; Be responsible for participating in the audit of international activities related to standardization business. (9) To manage the work of national organization codes and commodity bar codes. (10) Be responsible for the publicity, implementation and promotion of national standards; Supervise the implementation of national standards. (11) Manage the national standardization information work. (12) Under the unified arrangement and coordination of the General Administration of quality supervision, inspection and quarantine, we will do a good job in the notification and consultation of relevant standards in the implementation of the World Trade Organization Agreement on technical barriers to trade (wto/tbt agreement). (13) Undertake other tasks assigned by the General Administration of quality supervision, inspection and quarantine that both materials can reach 850 degrees incandescence

according to the above responsibilities, the National Standardization Administration of China has offices, the Ministry of planning and information, the Department of international standards, the Ministry of agriculture, light industry and local governments, the Ministry of industry and transportation, the Ministry of high and new technology and other departments

2. Local standardization institutions and institutions directly under the General Administration of quality supervision, inspection and quarantine

in addition to the National Standardization Administration Committee, the quality and technical supervision bureaus of all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government, as local standardization institutions, supervise and supervise local standardization work. In addition, China standards publishing house and China Standards Research Center, as institutions directly under the General Administration of quality supervision, inspection and quarantine, are respectively responsible for the publication and distribution of standards and the research and international cooperation of standards strategies. The China Association for standardization is the affiliated institution of the general administration

II. International standardization agency

1. Deutsches Institute fur nor mung

the German Institute for standardization is the largest non-governmental organization for public welfare standardization with wide representation in Germany. Founded in 1917. Headquartered in Berlin, the capital. The purpose of DIN is to formulate and publish German standards and other standardization work achievements and promote their application for the benefit of the public through the joint cooperation of relevant parties, so as to contribute to the rationalization, quality assurance, safety and mutual understanding in economy, technology, science, management and public affairs

in March, 1918, the German industrial standards committee formulated and issued the first German industrial standard. At present, the standards formulated by DIN almost involve various fields such as construction engineering, mining, metallurgy, chemical industry, electrician, safety technology, environmental protection, health, fire protection, transportation, housekeeping and so on. By the end of 1998, 25000 standards had been formulated and issued, and about 1500 standards had been formulated every year. More than 80% of them have been adopted by European countries

DIN joined the international organization for Standardization (ISO) in 1951. The German Electrotechnical Commission (dke), jointly formed by din/vde, represents Germany in the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). Din is also an active participant and plays an important role in Cen, CENELEC and ETSI. In 1979, the Chinese Association for standardization and the delegation of the German Society for standardization exchanged visits and signed a bilateral cooperation agreement

2. The British standardsinstitution (BSI)

the British standardsinstitution (BSI) is the first national standardization organization in the world and is a non-profit non-governmental organization recognized and supported by the British government. Founded in 1901 and headquartered in London, it currently has more than 20000 donation members and more than 20000 committee members

the purpose of BSI is to coordinate the relationship between producers and users, solve the contradiction between supply and demand, improve production technology and raw material quality, realize standardization and simplification, and avoid the waste of time and materials; Formulate and revise British standards as needed and possible, and promote their implementation; Register various signs and issue licenses in the name of the society; If necessary, take various measures to protect the purpose and interests of the society

bsi is one of the founding members of the international organization for Standardization (ISO), the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), the European Commission for Standardization (CEN), the European Commission for Electrotechnical Standardization (CENELEC), and the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI), and plays an important role in it. It is calculated according to the number of tc/sc technical secretariats undertaken and the amount of funding. The contribution rate of BSI in ISO is 17%, second only to DIN (19%) in Germany; The contribution rate in cen/cenelec is 21%, ranking third (din in Germany is 28%, AFNOR in France is 22%). According to Article 2 of the agreement on scientific and technological cooperation between the government of the people's Republic of China and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland signed on November 15, 1978, the British Standards Institute and the China Association for standardization signed the cooperation agreement between the China Association for standardization and the British Standards Institute in Beijing on April 19, 1980. The two sides began beneficial cooperation

3. The French Association for Standardization (AFNOR) (Association Francaise normalization)

the French Association for standardization is a national standardization organization established in accordance with French civil law and recognized and funded by the government. Founded in 1926. On May 24, 1941, the French government issued a decree confirming AFNOR as the national standardization authority. Under the leadership of the standardization administration agency of the government, it organized and coordinated the national standardization work according to the instructions of the government, and participated in the activities of international and regional standardization institutions on behalf of France. Headquartered in Paris, the capital. There are more than 6000 members, mainly group members and a small number of individual members. AFNOR has 7 agencies and 32 sites in major regions in China, undertaking information transmission, standard application consulting and other businesses. AFNOR, on behalf of France, joined the international organization for Standardization (ISO) in 1947 and is also a founding member group of the European Committee for Standardization (CEN). AFNOR has made important contributions to international and regional standardization activities. In July, 1979, China and France signed the "standardization cooperation agreement between the General Administration of standards of the people's Republic of China and the special agency for standardization of the Republic of France after some state-owned customers of the people's Republic of China began to complain about the purchase of machines", and incorporated this Agreement into the Sino French intergovernmental agreement on scientific and technological cooperation

4. The American nationalstandardsinstitute (ANSI)

the American Society for standardization is a non-profit non-governmental standardization organization in the United States and the coordination center of the voluntary standard system. Founded in 1918. Headquartered in New York. More than 250 professional societies, associations, consumer organizations and more than 1000 companies (including foreign companies) participated. Representatives of federal government agencies participate in their activities in their personal names. Do not accept government subsidies. Authorized by the federal government, ANSI is the coordination center in the voluntary standard system. Its main functions are: to coordinate the standardization activities of domestic institutions and groups; Review and approve American national standards; Participate in international standardization activities on behalf of the United States; Provide standard information consulting services; Cooperate with government agencies. ANSI itself rarely formulates standards. Instead, from the standards formulated and issued by various professional groups, the standards of great significance to the country are upgraded to national standards after review, and ANSI codes are given. At present, there are more than 180 standard setting institutions recognized by ANSI, and the total number of standards formulated is 37000, accounting for 75% of non-governmental standards. A small part of them have been approved as national standards by ANSI. Among the 11000 standards formulated and issued by ANSI, only 1600 are formulated by ANSI itself. ANSI represented the United States in the international organization for Standardization (ISO) and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) in 1946. ANSI is an active member of the Pan American Technical Standards Committee (copant) and the Pacific Regional Standards conference (PASC)

5. JISC (Japanese industrialstandards Committee)

JISC is a national standardization management organization established according to the Japanese industrial standardization law. Founded in 1949, it is headquartered in Tokyo, the capital. In April, 1921, jesc was established to formulate and publish Japanese national standards in an organized and planned way. In 1929, the association represented Japan in the International Federation of national standardization associations (ISA). In February, 1946, the unified investigation committee of industrial product specifications was dissolved, and an industrial standard investigation committee was established at the same time. On July 1st, 1949, Japan began to implement the industrial standardization law, according to which the Japan Industrial Standards Investigation Association was established. In September, 1952, JIS participated in the international organization for Standardization (ISO) on behalf of Japan, and in 1953, it participated in the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)

the main task of JIS is to organize the formulation and review of JIS; Investigate and review JIS logo designated products and technology projects. It is the advisory body of the minister in charge of the Ministry of Commerce and industry and the ministers in charge of the provinces of agriculture and forestry, transportation, construction, Ministry of education, postal service, labor and autonomy in terms of industrial standardization. It answers the inquiries and suggestions of the ministers concerned on the promotion of industrial standardization. The JIS standards and JIS symbols reviewed by the investigation meeting are approved and published by the minister in charge on behalf of the state

6. JSA (Japanese standardsassociation)

a public welfare non-governmental organization committed to the development and popularization of standardization and quality management knowledge and skills, headquartered in Tokyo. It has seven branches across the country. In 1998, it had 12000 members and more than 180 employees. On December 6, 1945, the Japan Association of Aeronautical Technology and the Japan Management Association merged to form the Japan specifications Association. Its main tasks are: Publishing and distributing JIS standards and standardization publications, standardization and quality management books; Make and issue JIS standard samples; Hold various standardization and quality management training courses; Study and formulate JIS basic standard drafts such as technical terms and general management rules; Standardization and quality management publicity

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