The hottest talent gap is huge. The spring of the

2022-09-21
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There is a huge talent gap. The "spring" of the new generation of Chinese auto people is coming.

what kind of auto talents does the development of China's auto industry need? I'm afraid the answers to this question will be different in different times

from the advent of the first car, to Ford's first assembly line production mode, to Toyota production management, over the past 100 years, several major technological innovations have pushed the world's automotive industry into the era of automation and electrification. Generally speaking, the requirements of relatively mature industries for talents are relatively fixed, and the creativity to change the pattern is not easy to find

in recent years, the global automotive industry is ushering in new variables. Artificial intelligence promotes integrated development, the wave of electrification is surging, driverless is in the ascendant, and shared travel is becoming popular. At the moment of a new round of scientific and technological revolution, great changes have taken place in the global automotive industry from thinking to business model, and the automotive industry is ushering in the key stage of transformation and upgrading

in the final analysis, the competition in the automotive industry is the competition for talents. To seize the commanding height of the future development of the automotive industry is inseparable from a steady stream of local talents. Some insiders said that how to activate the "spring water" of local talents by changing the adaptability of the talent training system and redefine automotive talents in the new era will be one of the "winners and losers" that will determine the future of China's automotive industry

"just like personal computers encountered interconnection in the 1990s, under the impact of the wave of intelligent connection, the automotive industry will undergo disruptive changes, and the entire travel ecosystem will also usher in an unprecedented change in OPM's ability to combine this process with 3D printing technology to produce objects with unique geometric shapes." Yang diange, an expert of smart United Automotive and head of the Department of automotive engineering at Tsinghua University, said, "it is like the times that created 'bat', which created Ma Yun, Ma Huateng and Robin Lee. This era is not only a challenge to the supply and demand of automotive talents, but also an opportunity for all automotive people."

is there a huge talent gap? Industrial development must continue to "create blood"

"'Four modernizations of automobile 'is actually a process of gradual integration of automobile from the traditional mechanical manufacturing field to the electronic information interconnection field. Such a trend has brought a revolution that affects the whole transportation." Yang diange said, "this revolution has made the automotive industry, a traditional mechanical discipline, more in need of integration, and the industrial boundary more blurred, resulting in a diversified trend in talent demand."

he believes that in addition to the need for a large number of new talents to join in the industrial reform, the traditional Autobots' abilities and knowledge structure are "beginning to not match" in the face of various new changes in the industry. The superposition of the two factors leads to the current situation of "talent shortage" in the domestic automotive industry

"in the era of smart cars, the strength of national policies, large-scale cooperation and the desire for core technology breakthroughs are unprecedented." At the cicv2018 talent sub forum held recently, Zhu Mingrong, executive vice president and Secretary General of China Automotive Talent Research Association, expressed the urgency of the automotive industry reform at that time with three "unprecedented"

the rapid development of the automobile industry is bringing about a huge talent gap. In 2017, the manufacturing talent development planning guide jointly issued by the Ministry of education, the Ministry of human resources and social security, and the Ministry of industry and information technology showed that the total number of manufacturing talents above Designated Size in China was 8.09 million, of which only 170000 were energy-saving and new energy automobile talents, one of the ten key areas. The demand forecast data shows that in 2020, the demand for talents in this field will reach 850000, with a gap of 680000; To reach 1.2 million in 2025, the gap may be as high as 1.03 million

in terms of smart link, the China smart link talent development report shows that the total number of smart link talent in the entire industry is less than 20000. In particular, the gap of R & D talents is too large, which seriously restricts the development of China intelligent United Automobile

"after investigation, domestic automobile enterprises generally reflect that talent shortage is the norm in the automobile industry. The reason is that the development of the automobile industry is too fast, and the speed of talent training can not keep up with the needs of industrial development." Zhu Mingrong bluntly said that the mismatch between the total number of talents and the development status of major industrial countries is a major problem facing the development of China's automotive industry

"there is a common problem in the automotive industry all over the world, that is, the talents trained based on traditional automotive engineering education can not meet the actual needs of the current automotive industry." Yang diange said, "this is a worldwide problem. Therefore, the cultivation of automotive talents also needs a revolution."

colleges and universities seize the "knowledge highland"? China is redefining automotive talents. According to Li Jun, chairman of the China Society of automotive engineering, academician of the Chinese Academy of engineering, and professor of the Department of automotive engineering at Tsinghua University, colleges and universities must undertake the mission of "early research and early innovation" when enterprises pay more attention to product innovation

Li Jun bluntly said, "without knowledge, there is no technology, and without technology, there is no product. What Chinese cars encounter is precisely the problem of knowledge, and the problem of knowledge needs to be solved in Colleges and universities."

the survey found that at present, China has more than 155 colleges and universities with bachelor's degree or above and 2300 vocational colleges with automotive related majors. Although there are many colleges and universities offering automotive related majors, on the whole, there is a large gap between the current domestic automotive talent training and the strategic cooperation between Yexin nylon composites and Funeng technology in terms of teachers, curriculum and training opportunities

Zhu Mingrong, who has been paying attention to the cultivation of automotive talents for more than ten years, pointed out that "at present, it is urgent to speed up the construction of a vehicle professional discipline system that meets the knowledge and ability needs of future talents, and to speed up the construction of a scientific and perfect socialized talent training service system."

in fact, in the face of the future changes in talent demand in the automotive industry, some domestic universities have taken the lead in taking the pace of change

the Department of automotive engineering of Tsinghua University, founded in 1980, has sent a large number of talents to China's automotive industry. In 2016, the Department of automotive engineering of Tsinghua University was keenly aware of the "urgent requirements" of the reform of talent training methods, and began the first batch of trial undergraduate enrollment; In 2017, it began to recruit students according to the two major categories of machinery and electronics, creating a precedent in the undergraduate professional training of Tsinghua University

"in 2016, the Department of automotive engineering was the first group of large-scale enrollment pilots in Tsinghua University. All students studied in the mechanical category in the first year and were assigned to different majors in the Department of automotive engineering in the second year. In 2017, we innovatively proposed to put one third of students into the electronic category." Yang diange revealed that the reason for making such a change was that the school realized that under the new trend of industry development, "education based on vehicle engineering alone can no longer meet the needs, and students need more comprehensive knowledge."

in addition to the changes in enrollment methods and training plans, the Department of automotive engineering of Tsinghua University also added Vehicle Engineering (electronic information direction) at the undergraduate stage, and added two professional master's degrees in intelligent vehicles and advanced power at the graduate stage. By comprehensively updating the corresponding syllabus and training plan, the Department of automotive engineering of Tsinghua University tries to cultivate more "new talents" to adapt to the future development of automobiles

"university education plays a role of 'cornerstone' in the whole process of talent training, and the differences in students' knowledge structure are often formed in university campuses. Therefore, to adapt to changes, talents in the automotive industry must first make corresponding changes from university education." Yang diange said so

both theory and practice? Young "dreamer 5. The fluctuation range of power supply voltage should not exceed 10% of the rated voltage;" Must forge ahead

young people represented by college students are the hope of China's automotive industry. For the young people who are currently receiving automotive related professional education or have just entered the job, they are undoubtedly the witnesses of the talent training reform in the automotive industry. In the interview, several young people mentioned the importance of "laying a foundation" and "emphasizing practice"

Li Hanjie, a sophomore in the Department of automotive engineering at Tsinghua University, said that the rich curriculum gives college students more choices

"in terms of course setting, all aspects of the entire automotive system, such as electronics, programming, mechanics, etc., will be involved. At the same time, you can also take courses related to smart link and new energy vehicles." In his opinion, who plans to engage in the research of heavy truck hybrid system, a wide range of basic knowledge will make necessary preparations for future professional research

Li Weiqing, who graduated from Beijing University of technology in vehicle engineering and is now a racing engineer of FAW Volkswagen Rally Team, told that while learning basic knowledge well, it must also have a lot of practice to ensure the correct and skilled application of knowledge

"the automotive engineering course is mainly to explain the working principle of various parts of the car, as well as the definition and evaluation methods of some performance indicators. However, racing engineers need strong practical ability." In his opinion, the most effective way for college students to get started is to "practice more and face more problems on the field"

Li Xuezi, who is now studying for a master's degree from Imperial College of technology and has obtained a double degree in automotive engineering from the University of Turin, believes that there are certain differences in the practicality of courses between domestic and foreign universities

"the automotive College of Turin Polytechnic University is in the factory of Fiat. About half of the teachers are in fiat for the maintenance of Jinan assay friction and wear testing machine, or have just retired from Fiat." According to Li Xuezi, compared with domestic universities, the learning content in the automotive major class of Turin Polytechnic University is more closely related to practical applications, "for example, we will synchronously involve some things Fiat is using"

for young people's car dreams, the era of change is the best incubator. Zhu Mingrong pointed out that the discipline system of vehicle major and the socialized talent training service system of colleges and universities should be "shared" and "linked" at the same time. "The growth of young talents needs to be promoted by multi-party cooperation."

Zhu Mingrong said that at present, the cultivation of automotive talents has received unprecedented attention, "Realize sharing in focusing on the construction of new concepts of discipline development, the construction of teaching staff, teaching materials, the construction of training bases and the analysis and prediction of future talent demand trends, strengthen the linkage in the cooperation between industry and enterprises, schools, enterprises and schools, social training institutions, and establish the dual identity of enterprise engineers and training teachers, so as to finally realize the full coverage of the growth needs of practitioners at different stages of their career, and let practitioners Pre employment engineering education and post employment continuing education keep up with the pace of the automotive industry. " In his view, all parties in the automotive industry have clearly felt the urgency of cultivating talents. "No matter what crisis happens and how much sense of urgency there is, the cultivation of automotive talents with industry demand as the core can never be stopped."

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